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terça-feira, 13 de julho de 2010

History of Mococa


The City of Mococa is located in the northeast of São Paulo. According to some historical sources, at the heart of the Imperial period: The village, at that time known as São Sebastião da Boa Vista, in mid-1840, was, in 1857, considered to be a town “Freguesia”. In 1871, a hamlet, and only in 1875, was officially regarded as a city.

The name comes from the following designation: Mu – Small; Co – mainstay and “Oca” - house, building, forming the expression “Mucoca” – Small Mainstay House or Small House of Mainstay. In 1842, the first coffee plantation was introduced, generating cities and townspeople. This makes it impossible to think about coffee without slaves, originated from Africa to remedy the workforce on coffee plantations. After 1888, the date of abolition of slavery in Brazil, it turned out to be necessary to replace the slave-labor workforce.

Thus the city started to receive a large number of immigrants, an overwhelming majority of Italians, approximately 9.000 and in a smaller scale also Germans, Austrians, Spaniards, Portuguese and Lebanese people for the substitution of the workforce. As a result there was cultural and a cosmopolitan melting in the open “Wilderness of Rio Pardo”, a period known as the Belle époque caipira, leading Mococa to one of the main cities producing the best coffee in Brazil.

The flowering of the civilization of coffee gave rise to the last aristocracy (coffee farmers), making them the elite of the Brazilian society.

Between 1914 and 1918, during the First World War, the disruption of international trade occurs, disrupting the coffee economy due to the shrinkage of the consumer market. From this period on, the farmers began to invest in milk cattle. In 1932, the becomes the Front, of the Revolution in the constitutional conflict between Minas Gerais and São Paulo.

Mococa is the hometown of the sculptor Bruno Giorgi,, the comedian Rogério Cardoso In addition to the historic city center with its magnificent churches, the area boast much to offer in rural tourism, Many are drawn to Mococa because of sporting events. Trofeu Chico Piscina and Kim Mollo are well known names. In addition, special events such as A Semana Universitária Mocoquese.

Gustavo de Souza Pinto (Historian) Fábio Luiz Gonçalvez (Translator)


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